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2009年辽宁省高中学生化学竞赛试题及参考答案


well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achiev e g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evaluati on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a per s on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng, dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the brea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play t o democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s eriousne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permi tted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of understanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, o ut of a j ournal of the history of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of managi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of a ll type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng f ull use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and infor mati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen reform, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in the use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketiza tion a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt systems, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logist ics management system, strengthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking c onditions of organs; overall civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w orkers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on stim ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical knowledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w or kers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

2009 年辽宁省高中学生化学竞赛试题
(时间 120 分钟,满分 150 分) 题 号 得 分
H 1.008 Li 6.941 Na 22.99 K 39.10 Rb 85.47 Cs 132.9 Fr [223] He 4.003 Ne 20.18 Ar 39.95 Kr 83.80 Xe 131.3 Rn [222]











总 分

相对原子质量
Be 9.012 Mg 24.31 Ca 40.08 Sr 87.62 Ba 137.3 Ra [226] B 10.81 Al 26.98 Ga 69.72 In 114.8 Tl 204.4 C 12.01 Si 28.09 Ge 72.64 Sn 118.7 Pb 207.2 N 14.01 P 30.97 As 74.92 Sb 121.8 Bi 209.0 O 16.00 S 32.06 Se 78.96 Te 127.6 Po [209] F 19.00 Cl 35.45 Br 79.90 I 126.9 At [210]

Sc Ti V Cr 44.96 47.87 50.94 52.00 Y Zr Nb Mo 88.91 91.22 92.91 95.94 Hf Ta W La-Lu 178.5 180.9 183.8 Rf Db Sg Ac-Lr [261] [262] [266]

Mn 54.94 Tc [98] Re 186.2 Bh [264]

Fe 55.85 Ru 101.1 Os 190.2 Hs [277]

Co 58.93 Rh 102.9 Ir 192.2 Mt [268]

Ni 58.69 Pd 106.4 Pt 195.1 Ds [281]

Cu 63.55 Ag 107.9 Au 197.0 Rg [272]

Zn 65.41 Cd 112.4 Hg 200.6 Uub ······ [285]

一、选择题(本题包括 6 小题,每小题 2 分,共 12 分。每小题只有一个 选 .... 项符合题意。 ) 1.2008 年诺贝尔化学奖授予在发现和研究绿色荧光蛋白(GFP)方面取得突出贡献的三位化学 家下村修(日) 、Martin Chalfie(美)和钱永健(美籍华裔) 。绿色荧光蛋白的突出应用是在 研究癌症发病机制的过程中,用荧光蛋白对肿瘤细胞标记,以观察和研究肿瘤细胞的成长、 入侵、转移和新生等过程。下列有关说法错误的是( ) A.绿色荧光蛋白是一种高分子化合物 B.荧光蛋白在酸性或碱性条件下可能会失去发光功能 C.温度越高,荧光蛋白的荧光越明显,发光效率越高 D.荧光蛋白技术的应用,有助于人类最终战胜癌症 2.在实验室中,用下列溶液吸收多余的氯气不符合绿色化学思想的是( ) A.NaOH 溶液 B.NaBr 溶液 C.Na2SO3 溶液 D.含 Fe 的 FeCl2 溶液 3.有科学家提出硅是“21 世纪的能源”、“未来的石油”的观点。假如硅作为一种普遍使用的 新型能源被开发利用,下列有关说法中,你认为不妥当的是( ) A.自然界存在大量单质硅 B.硅的来源丰富,易于开采,且可再生 C.硅便于运输、贮存,从安全角度考虑,硅是最佳的燃料 D.硅燃烧放出的热量大,且燃烧产物对环境污染程度低,容易有效控制 4.下列现象或事实可用同一原理解释的是( ) A.乙烯和乙醇使酸性高锰酸钾溶液褪色 B.氯气和二氧化硫使品红溶液褪色 C.亚硫酸钠和水玻璃暴露在空气中变质 D.浓硫酸和浓盐酸暴露在空气中浓度降低
people-oriente d in t he name of reducing our ent hus iasm. Premier Wen Jiabao's Gover nment work re port thi s year, i dentified a s 7% growt h, 2. 1% lower t han last year' s 9.1%, but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccel erate devel opment i n the first pla ce .. . Work sta ndar ds. Se cond is t o us e the s cale of development to understand. S ociety is ev olving, huma n nee ds are al so cha nging. Practice of huma nism is a l ong -term process a nd cannot be achieved overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is pos sibl e to retur n t o this , see things but not pe opl e's ol d ways. T herefore, we have to foll ow the development of the time s, and continue debugging the huma nist per spe ctive, innovative people -orie nted way. Under the new hi storical conditi ons, we are re queste d by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starti ng point, hig h standard of armed pe ople , sha ping , exercise, pe ople, constantly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, is t o lead the vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowledge faster and actively a dapt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high leve l of leadership situatio n, a ctively ada pt to the demand of the masse s more and more sit uations, eager to le arn, e nha nce a ccumulati on, efforts, honed the a bility to overcome a g ood servi ce, pa nic. Third i s to use realistic understanding . Adhere to people-oriente d must be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff nee d to dri nk some water to t he dri nking fountain on a floor, the glass used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dr ink thi s cup ca n only hold, cannot be put dow n. Thi s is not only to save on glass material s, more im portant is t o force you to get drink ing water, g o ba ck to your seat busi ness. Our empha sis on people-oriente d, does not imply you ca n indulge the desire s, the comfortable , the purs uit of enj oyment. Office of the party comm ittees at all levels of our comra des, must continue to maintai n the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy" conservati on "di sposition" to the s pirit of selfles s dedication and pr ovide services. Investe e 4. clearly defined re sponsibilitie s. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, everyone is a lia bilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and below with the responsibility for coordi nating sy stem must be establi she d and hold ev eryone accountabl e. First, w e must stre ngthe n the leaders hip. "In its place , its gover nance, its l evel, bear the re spons ibility of the Divi sion." This is the mi nimum requirement for le aders , is a meas ure of the ba sic criteria for whether a le ading cadre is compete nt. Lea ders nee d to "it is a n official term for the be nefit of" mission, consci ously a ss ume responsi bility for impl ementing people -orie nted. Direct or of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the re spons ibility of the units t o implement pe ople -ori ented, t o manage t heir people, "pl ug in own re spons ibility", effectively e nha nce the e ducation of leadi ng ca dres, cadre s and ca dres work , efforts to revitalize t he Office of huma n res ource s, Office work is f ull of vigor a nd vitalitya ctivity, a nd constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadres a nd workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase t he inte nsity of writing the open s electi on of ca dres a nd ca dres t her e, change text structure i s not optimal conditions, a nd conti nuously im prove the overall quality of cadre s and workers . The s econd is to create a relaxe d environment. Wit h a deep affecti on for Office cadres, cadre s and t he mentality of the concer n, attenti on to their conditi ons of life, do mor e work on straighte n out em otion, to cheer on, a nd strive to create a lively and positive worki ng atmos phere . Members of the lea ding Gr oup Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and worker s, with a n equal mind, humble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete acti ons t o create a harm oni ous atm osphere. T hirdl y, attenti on to their growth. Office is the pla ce where talents . Leaders at all levels concerne d Office ca dres, a s well as giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exerci se and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foster, increas e the inte nsity of pr omoted use of Office cadres, effort int o high office into a high, high, high m ultiple of a pool of water. (D) the i nvestee insists, i s at a new hi stori cal peri od of carrying forwar d the spirit of man, t he fundamental li ne of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriente d, not only i n the i deol ogica l understa ndi ng dee p under standi ng of its rich content, but als o in practi ce correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forer unner, pur pos e of the li ne is k now n. Know non-difficult, difficult, li ne into S I, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People -orie nted, must resolve on the understa ndi ng that the proble ms, practices in place, and make sure t he unity of knowledge . One is to e ns ure that it work s. Huma ns live i n a worl d that is ma de from natural, huma n, social, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people -orie nted, from man a nd nature, ma n and society, ma n and man to gras p the relati onshi p bet ween, a nd e nha nce system performance a nd integrit y. Not long ago, Shenz he n, de cide d to post pone the timetabl e for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 2 005 to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nric hing poli cy recomme ndations, caring for the pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, ref lect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enthusia sm of the masse s, played

得 分

评卷人

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achieve g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evalua ti on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng , dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the br ea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s eriousne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of understanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the history of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of mana gi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen reform, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in t he use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt system s, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, strengthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overall civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w orkers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on stim ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical knowledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

阅读以下材料,完成 5、6 题 最近,甲型 H1N1 流感在全球蔓延, “达菲”可以在 72 小时内 控制甲型 H1N1 流感病毒, 其主要合成原料是从我国盛产的八角 取的莽草酸。右上图为莽草酸的球棍模型,右下图为“达菲”的有 分的键线式结构。 5.下列关于莽草酸的说法正确的是( ) A.该化合物分子式为 C7H12O5 B.该化合物的分子中处于同一平面的原子只有 4 个 C.该化合物既能使溴水褪色,又能使酸性高锰酸钾溶液褪色 D.该化合物既有酸性,又有碱性,还有还原性 6.下列关于“达菲”的说法正确的是( ) A.“达菲”属于芳香族化合物 - B.“达菲”分子中的氨基(-NH2)与 OH 的电子数相同 C.“达菲”可发生加成反应,不能发生取代反应 D.“达菲”分子中-COOC2H5 基团可能是由莽草酸的羧基通过酯化反应制得 二、选择题(本题包括 7 小题,每小题 4 分,共 28 分。每小题有一个或两 得 分 评卷人 个选项符合题意。若正确答案只有一个选项,多选时,该小题为 0 分;若正 确答案包括两个选项, 只选一个且正确的给 2 分, 选两个且都正确的给 4 分, 但只要选错一个,该小题就为 0 分。 ) 7.2008 年 9 月,我国发生了婴幼儿奶粉被“三聚氰胺”污染的重大安全事故。已知三聚氰胺呈 弱碱性(pKb=8) ,其结构简式如图。若-NH2 上的氢可以被-Cl 取 NH N NH2 2 代, 则三聚氰胺的三氯代物种数及分子中共平面的原子数最多分别为 N N ( ) A.1 种、9 个 B.2 种、9 个 NH2 C.1 种、12 个 D.2 种、12 个 8.已知 A、B 是元素周期表中相邻的同主族元素,A 所在周期共有 m 种元素,B 所在周期共有 n 种元素,且 m>n。若 A 的原子序数为 x,则 B 的原子序数可能为( ) A.x+m B.x+n C.x-m D.x-n + - + 9.有人认为 CH2=CH2 与 Br2 的加成反应实质是 Br2 先断裂为 Br 和 Br ,然后 Br 首先与 CH2 - =CH2 一端的碳原子结合, 第二步才是 Br 与另一端的碳原子结合。 试推测 CH2=CH2 与溶有 Br2 的 NaCl 水溶液反应,得到的有机物不可能 是( ) ... A.BrCH2CH2Br B.ClCH2CH2Cl C.BrCH2CH2Cl D.BrCH2CH2OH 10.熔融碳酸盐燃料电池(MCFC)具有较高的发电效率,一般以熔融的 Li2CO3 和 Na2CO3 混合 物作电解质,以 CO、CH4 和 H2 等为燃料,以含有 CO2 的空气为氧化剂,电池的工作温度为 650~700 ℃。若某 MCFC 以 CH4 为燃料,下列有关说法正确的是( )
people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified as 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd continue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the d emand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy" conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an of ficial term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n responsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres ther e, change text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention to the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non-difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05 to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for the pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enthusia sm of the masse s, played

有 效 中 提 效 成

2

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achiev e g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evaluati on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng, dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the brea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s erio usne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of un derstanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the hist ory of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of managi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen ref orm, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in the use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt systems, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, str engthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overa ll civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w ork ers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on sti m ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical kno wledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

+ - - A.正极反应为:2CO2+O2+4e =2CO2 B.负极反应为:CH4+2CO2 3 3 -8e =3CO2+4H - - C.放电时,CO2 D.放电时,CO2 3 向正极移动 3 向负极移动 11.在某种条件下,N2(g)+3H2(g) 2NH3(g) △H=-Q kJ/mol。在相同条件下,向密闭容 器中通入 1 mol N2(g)和 3 mol H2(g),达到平衡时,放出热量 Q1 kJ;向另一容积相同的密闭 容器中通 2 mol NH3(g),达到平衡时,吸收热量 Q2 kJ。下列关系中正确的是( ) A.Q1=Q2<Q B.Q2<Q1<Q C.Q1=Q2=Q D.Q1+Q2=Q 12. 对于达到平衡的可逆反应: A(g)+3B(g) 2C(g) △H<0, 下列说法正确的是 ( ) A.降低温度,正反应速率增大,逆反应速率减小,平衡向正反应方向移动 B.在一定温度下,减小压强,平衡向逆反应方向移动,B 的浓度增大 C.在恒温、恒容条件下,向平衡体系中加入 A 物质,C 的体积分数增加 D.在恒温、恒压条件下,将平衡体系中各物质的物质的量均减少一半,平衡不移动 13.下列各溶液中,微粒的物质的量浓度关系正确的是( ) - + - A.0.1 mol/L 的 Na2CO3 溶液:c(OH )=c(HCO3 )+c(H )+2c(H2CO3) + - + - B.含等物质的量 NaX 和弱酸 HX 的混合溶液:c(Na )>c(HX)>c(X )>c(H )>c(OH ) + + - 2- C.0.1 mol/L 的 NaHCO3 溶液:c(Na )+c(H )+c(H2CO3)=c(HCO- 3 )+c(CO3 )+c(OH ) + D.向硝酸钠溶液中滴加稀盐酸得到的 pH=5 的混合溶液:c(Na )=c(NO- 3 )
- -

得 分

评卷人

三、本题包括 2 小题,共 30 分

14. (15 分)某学校化学兴趣小组欲测定摩尔盐中结晶水的质量分数。已知摩尔盐的化学式为 (NH4)2SO4?FeSO4?6H2O,受热易分解。 实验室可供选择的试剂如下: BaCl2 溶液、 NaOH 溶液、 H2SO4 溶液、 0.1000 mol/L KMnO4 溶液和蒸馏水,实验仪器自选。 学生经讨论设计实验方案如下: 第一步:用分析天平称取 m g 样品(分析天平的精确度为 0.0001 g) ; 第二步:有四组不同的操作如下表所示: 组别 甲组 乙组 实验操作 将称取的样品放入圆底烧瓶中, 加入过量氢氧化钠溶液, 加热, 用硫酸吸收氨气,称量硫酸的增重。 将称取的样品放入已称重的坩埚中,加热至恒重。 测得的数据 氨气的质量 结晶水的质量 高锰酸钾溶液 的体积

丙组

丁组

people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified a s 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd cont inue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the demand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy " conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an official term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n resp onsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres there, c hange text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention t o the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non -difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05

to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for t he pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enth usia sm of the masse s, playe d

第3页 (共

12 页)

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achieve g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evalua ti on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng , dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the br ea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s eriousne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of understanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the history of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of mana gi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen reform, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in t he use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt system s, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, strengthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overall civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w orkers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on stim ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical knowledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

(1)请参考甲组,完成其它组的实验方案,填入上表。 (2)甲组的实验装置如右图,请对该装置的合理性做出评价。

(3)对乙组实验方案测定结果的准确性做出判断,并说明理由。 (4)若丙组测得的体积为 V mL,则摩尔盐中结晶水的质量分数 为_______________________。 15. (15 分)为测定铜的相对原子质量,某研究性学习小组的学生利用电解原理,设计了以下两 套实验方案: 【方案Ⅰ】取 CuSO4 溶液 V mL,用惰性电极电解一段 D 时间后, 测量电解后溶液的体积、 pH 以及电极的增重。 B 电极 【方案Ⅱ】按右图所示装置(固定装置略)用惰性电极 A 电极 电解 CuSO4 溶液一段时间后,测量一个电极的增重和 C 另一电极上产生气体的体积。 请回答下列问题: (1)方案Ⅰ中,能否用 CuCl2 溶液代替 CuSO4 溶液?为什么?

(2)方案Ⅰ中,若电解前后溶液的体积变化可忽略不计,电解前 CuSO4 溶液的 pH 为 a,电解 后溶液的 pH 为 b,电极增重 m g,请写出 Cu 的相对原子质量 Ar(Cu)的表达式。

(3)方案Ⅱ中,实验装置连接好后,首先要进行的操作是是什么?如何进行操作?

(4)方案Ⅱ实验结束时,该组同学应怎样测量所生成气体的体积?

(5)请你再设计一个测定 Cu 的相对原子质量的实验方案,并简要说明其实验原理。

people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified as 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd continue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the d emand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy" conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an of ficial term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n responsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres ther e, change text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention to the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non-difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05

得 分

评卷人

to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for the pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enthusia sm of the masse s, played

4

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achiev e g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evaluati on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng, dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the brea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s erio usne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of un derstanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the hist ory of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of managi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen ref orm, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in the use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt systems, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, str engthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overa ll civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w ork ers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on sti m ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical kno wledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

四、本题包括 2 小题,共 30 分 16. (13 分)1797 年,Hoyle 用浓硫酸和氯酸钾反应制得具有爆炸性的黄色气体;1815 年,Davy 使 2 体积这种黄色气体完全分解,得到 3 体积气体,其中氧气和氯气的体积比为 2︰1,表明 黄色气体是氯的氧化物(当时氯气和氧气的分子式尚未被公认) ;1882 年,Pebal 通过测定这 种黄色气体的密度,确定其组成是 ClO2。已知 90 ℃时,干燥的氯气和氯酸银按 1︰2 的物质 的量反应可得 ClO2,ClO2 和臭氧反应可得 ClO3,后者在强碱性溶液中可发生自身氧化还原 反应。 (1)写出所有的制备(生成)ClO2、ClO3 的反应方程式。

(2)写出 ClO3 在碱性液中发生自身氧化还原反应的离子方程式。

(3)写出 ClO2 在碱性液中可能发生反应的离子方程式。

(4)如果 1815 年氧气和氯气的分子式已被确定为 O2 和 Cl2,那么 Davy 的实验结果能否确定黄 色气体的化学式就为 ClO2?

(5)Pebal 怎样确定黄色物是 ClO2?

17. (17 分)铁氧体法是目前处理含 Cr(Ⅵ)有毒废水的常用方法之一,其原理是用 FeSO4 将
? 3? 2 Cr(Ⅵ)还原成 Cr(Ⅲ) ,并生成符合铁氧体(Fe3O4)的复合氧化物 Cr 3 x Fe 2? x Fe O4。

- 2- (1)Cr(Ⅵ)在溶液中存在 Cr2O2 7 和 CrO4 两种形体,二者可以相互转化,写出二者相互转化 的离子方程式。

(2)在 pH<4 的酸性环境中,写出用 FeSO4 处理含 Cr(Ⅵ)废水的离子反应方程式。若废水中 的铬用 CrO3 表示,通过计算说明需加入绿矾(FeSO4?7H2O)的质量至少为 CrO3 的多少倍?

(3) 在实际操作中加入的 FeSO4?7H2O 固体的量往往比上述计算值要稍多一些, 其原因是什么?

people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified a s 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd cont inue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the demand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy " conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an official term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n resp onsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres there, c hange text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention t o the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non -difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05

to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for t he pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enth usia sm of the masse s, playe d

第5页 (共

12 页)

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achieve g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evalua ti on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng , dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the br ea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s eriousne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of understanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the history of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of mana gi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen reform, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in t he use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt system s, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, strengthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overall civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w orkers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on stim ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical knowledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

(4)分析化学上离子浓度小于 10 5 mol/L,就认为该离子沉淀完全。要使溶液中的金属离子完 - 全沉淀下来,应将溶液的 pH 至少控制到多少?请说明理由。 (已知 Ksp[Fe(OH)3]=10 37.4, - - Ksp[Cr(OH)3]=10 30.2,Ksp[Fe(OH)2]=10 15)


(5)工业上处理含 Cr(Ⅵ)的酸性废水,也可以用铁作为阳极进行电解,经过一段时间得到含 Cr(Ⅲ)的沉淀,请说明其原理。

得 分

评卷人

五、选做题(本题含《化学与技术》 、 《物质结构与性质》和《有机化学基础》 三个模块,每个模块 25 分。请从三个模块中任选两个模块作答,若三个模 块均作答则以所答的前两个模块计分,共 50 分。 )

《化学与技术》模块
18. (25 分)将空气中游离态的氮气转化为含氮化合物的过程称为固氮,主要包括合成固氮和生 物固氮。 (1)目前具有工业规模的合成固氮方法是用 N2、H2 合成 NH3。从反应速率和化学平衡的角度分 析,应采取什么条件?工业上合成氨的生产条件与理论上应采取的条件有何不同?

(2)工业合成氨时,原料气中常残留少量的 CO,在进入合成塔前必须用醋酸二氨合铜溶液吸 收 CO , 其 反 应 为 : [Cu(NH3)2]Ac + CO + NH3 [Cu(NH3)3]Ac·CO ΔH < 0 , [Cu(NH3)2]Ac 溶液也可循环利用。 试分析除去原料气中 CO 的原因和[Cu(NH3)2]Ac 溶液吸 收 CO 及其再生的生产适宜条件。

(3)曾有实验报道:在常温、常压、光照条件下,N2 在催化剂(掺有少量 Fe2O3 的 TiO2)表面 与水发生反应,生成的主要产物为 NH3,同时放出氧气。进一步研究 NH3 的生成量与温度的 关系,部分实验数据见下表(光照、N2 的压力 1.0× 105 Pa、反应时间 3 h) : T/K NH3 的生成量/(10
-6

303 mol) 4.8

313 5.9

323 6.0

353 2.0

请判断该反应是吸热反应还是放热反应,并说明理由。

(4)如今采用 SCY 陶瓷固体电解质的电化学合成氨装置,该装置以具有良好机械强度和高质子
people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified as 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd continue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the d emand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy" conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an of ficial term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n responsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres ther e, change text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention to the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non-difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05 to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for the pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enthusia sm of the masse s, played

6

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achiev e g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evaluati on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng, dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the brea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s erio usne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of un derstanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the hist ory of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of managi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen ref orm, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in the use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt systems, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, str engthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overa ll civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w ork ers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on sti m ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical kno wledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

导电性的 SrCe0.95Yb0.05O3 陶瓷(SCY)制成的封底内筒和石英外筒组成,以多孔多晶钯作为 电极。在 570 ℃的高温下,将用 He 稀释的氮气通入陶瓷内筒,将氢气通过陶瓷内筒和石英 外筒间的空隙,构成下述电池:H2(g)(Pd)∣SCY∣(Pd)N2-He(g)。 该电化学合成氨装置中能否用水溶液作电解质?说明原因, 并写出阳极、 阴极的电极反应式。

(5)生物固氮是指生物体内的固氮菌(如大豆根瘤菌、巴氏梭菌和棕色固氮菌等)通过固氮酶 的作用在常温常压下将空气中的氮气转化为含氮化合物,请完成下面反应式: N2+8H +8e +16MgATP+16H2O→
+ -



+16MgADP+16H3PO4

《物质结构与性质》模块
19. (25 分)铁及铁的化合物在生产、生活中有广泛应用。请回答下列问题: + + + (1)写出基态 Fe2 的电子排布式,并从结构角度分析 Fe3 较 Fe2 稳定的原因。

(2)Fe3 和 Fe2 可与很多分子或离子形成配合物。 ①这些分子或离子应具备什么样的结构特征?
+ +

- ②工业上常利用 Fe2 能与 CN 形成稳定 Fe(CN)4 6 (六氰合亚铁离子)的特点来处理含 CN - - 的工业废水。请判断 CN 中 C 原子的杂化轨道类型,并写出一种与 CN 互为等电子体,且分 子中含有配位键的分子的结构式,标出配位键。







③三氯化铁易溶于水,也易溶于乙醚、丙酮等有机溶剂。它的熔点为 282 ℃,沸点为 315 ℃, 在 300 ℃以上易升华。在 400 ℃时,它的蒸气中有以配位键结合的双 Cl Cl 聚分子存在,其结构如右图所示。请判断三氯化铁的晶体类型,并在 Cl 其结构式中标出配位键。 Fe Fe Cl


Cl


Cl


(3)Fe3O4 是一种铁氧体磁性物质,不溶于水和酸。研究表明,Fe3O4 是由 Fe2 、Fe3 和 O2 通 过离子键而形成的复杂离子晶体,具有反式尖晶石结构,其 - 中 O2 的排列方式如右图所示(白球表示 O2—) 。在此晶胞 2- 中,存在着两种类型的由 O 围成的空隙,如由 1、3、6、7 - - 的 O2 围成的正四面体空隙和由 3、6、7、8、9、12 的 O2 + 围成的正八面体空隙。 其中, 一半的 Fe3 占据四面体空隙的 中心,该晶胞中这样的正四面体空隙有______________个; + + 另一半的 Fe3 和 Fe2 占据正八面体空隙的中心。 则在 Fe3O4
people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified a s 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd cont inue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the demand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy " conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an official term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n resp onsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres there, c hange text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention t o the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non -difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05 to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for t he pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enth usia sm of the masse s, playe d

第7页 (共

12 页)

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achieve g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evalua ti on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng , dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the br ea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s eriousne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of understanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the history of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of mana gi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen reform, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in t he use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt system s, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, strengthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overall civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w orkers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on stim ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical knowledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

晶体 中,正八 面体空隙 数 与 O2 数之 比为 ______________ ,正八 面体空隙的 填充率 为 ________________%。 (4)铁的熔点为 1535℃,沸点为 2750℃。当温度低于 912℃时,铁以体心立方(bcp)的 α-Fe 晶型存在;当温度介于 912 ℃~1394 ℃之间时,铁以面心立方(ccp)的 γ-Fe 晶型存在(如 下图) 。已知 α-Fe 的密度为 7.86 g/cm3,则 γ-Fe 的密度是多少?如何求出铁的原子半径 r (以 cm 为单位)?(列出计算式,可不计算结果)


体心立方晶胞

面心立方晶胞

《有机化学基础》模块
20. (25 分)化合物 A 和 B 互为同分异构体,其分子式为 C8H8;化合物 C、D、E 和 F 互为同分 异构体,其分子式为 C8H8O2。实验表明:化合物 A、C、D、E 和 F 均是一取代芳香化合物, 其中 C、E 和 F 的芳环侧链上只含一个官能团。A 分子中所有的原子共平面;B 是具有两个 支链的链状化合物,分子呈中心对称,核磁共振氢谱有两个峰。C、D、E 和 F 在碱性条件下 可以进行如下反应: C E
NaOH 溶液 NaOH 溶液 酸化 酸化

G(C7H6O2)+ H ,D

NaOH 溶液 NaOH 溶液

酸化

I(C7H8O)+ J ,

K(芳香化合物)+ L ,F

M + H2O 。

(1)画出 A、B、C、D、E 和 F 的结构简式。

(2)A 的聚合物是热塑性合成树脂之一,广泛用于注塑制品、挤出制品和泡沫制品三大领域。 写出 A 的聚合反应方程式。

(3)由甲苯和 3 个碳以下的有机物合成 C。

people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified as 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd continue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the d emand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy" conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an of ficial term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n responsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres ther e, change text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention to the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non-difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05

to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for the pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enthusia sm of the masse s, played

8

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achiev e g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evaluati on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng, dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the brea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s erio usne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of un derstanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the hist ory of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of managi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen ref orm, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in the use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt systems, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, str engthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overa ll civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w ork ers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on sti m ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical kno wledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

(4)写出 C8H8 除 A、B 外,具有对称结构的同分异构体的结构简式。 (写出两种即可)

(5)现有如下溶液:HCl、NH3 ? H2O、NaOH、饱和 Br2 水、FeCl3 和 NH4Cl。从中选择合适试 剂,设计一种实验方案,鉴别 G、I 和 K。

2009 年辽宁省高中学生化学竞赛试题参考答案与评分标准
说明: 1.各地须根据本评分标准制定评分细则。 2.各类题目中,只要考生回答合理,均可参照评分标准酌情给分。 一、选择题(本题包括 6 小题,每小题 2 分,共 12 分。每小题只有一个 选项符合题意。 ) .... 1.C 2.B 3.A 4.A 5.C 6.D 二、选择题(本题包括 7 小题,每小题 4 分,共 28 分。每小题有一个或两个 选项符合题意。若 ..... 正确答案只有一个选项,多选时,该小题为 0 分;若正确答案包括两个选项,只选一个且正 确的给 2 分,选两个且都正确的给 4 分,但只要选错一个,该小题就为 0 分。 ) 7.D 8.CD 9.B 10.AD 11.D 12.D 13.AD

三、本题包括 2 小题,共 30 分 14.本题共 15 分 (1)每空 2 分,共 6 分 组别 实验操作 将称取的样品放入锥形瓶中,加入适量蒸馏水溶解,再加入少量 丙组 的稀硫酸,用高锰酸钾溶液滴定至溶液恰好变紫红色,且 30 s 内 不褪色。 丁组 将称取的样品放入烧杯中,加入适量蒸馏水溶解,再加入过量的 氯化钡溶液,过滤、洗涤、干燥、冷却、称重。 硫酸钡的质量 测得的数据

(2)硫酸可能会被倒吸入烧瓶中(1 分) ;氨气没被干燥,水蒸汽也会被硫酸吸收(1 分) ;烧瓶 中会残留少量氨气没被硫酸吸收(1 分)
people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified a s 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd cont inue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the demand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy " conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an official term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n resp onsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres there, c hange text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention t o the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non -difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05 to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for t he pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enth usia sm of the masse s, playe d

第9页 (共

12 页)

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achieve g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evalua ti on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng , dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the br ea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s eriousne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of understanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the history of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of mana gi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen reform, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in t he use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt system s, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, strengthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overall civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w orkers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on stim ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical knowledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

(3)该方案的测定结果不准确(1 分) 。因为加热时,硫酸亚铁铵也会分解(或被氧化) (2 分) (4) m ? 0.142V ? 100 % (3 分)
m

15.本题共 15 分 (1)不能(1 分) ,电解 CuCl2 溶液,只能准确测量电极增重。由于电解产生的氯气能溶于水且 可与水反应生成酸,所以不能准确测出溶液的 pH,故不能测得 Cu 的相对原子质量。 (2 分) (2)2000m/V(10 b-10 a) (3 分)
- -

(3)检查装置的气密性(1 分) ;向 D 管中加入一定量水,将 D 管向上移动至与 C 管形成一定 的液面差,若液面差保持不变,则证明气密性良好(2 分) (4)待装置冷却至室温后(1 分) ,调整 D 管的高度,使 C、D 两管内液面相平(1 分) ,平视 读取 D 管与凹液面最低点相切的刻度。前后两次体积差即为产生 O2 的体积(1 分) (5) (5)称取一定质量的氧化铜粉末,用氢气还原后,再测量所生成铜的质量(或测量其减重) , 利用差量法计算出铜的相对原子质量(或称取一定质量的铜粉,充分氧化后,再测量所生成 氧化铜的质量(或测量其增重) ,利用差量法计算出铜的相对原子质量。 ) (3 分) 四、本题包括 2 小题,共 30 分 16.本题共 13 分 ( 1 ) 3KClO3 + 2H2SO4 = 2KHSO4 + KClO4 + 2ClO2↑+ H2O (或 4KClO3 + 2H2SO4 = 2K2SO4 + 4ClO2↑+O2↑+2H2O 或 4KClO3+4H2SO4=4KHSO4+4ClO2↑+O2↑+2H2O) (2 分) Cl2+2AgClO3=2ClO2+2AgCl+O2(2 分) ClO2+O3=ClO3+O2(2 分)
— (2)2ClO3+2OH =ClO— 4 +ClO3 +H2O(2 分) — (3)2ClO2+2OH =ClO— 3 +ClO2 +H2O(2 分)





(4)能确定(1 分) (5)由测定的(一定条件下的)气体密度 ρ,根据 Mr= 分) 17.本题共 17 分
- (1)2CrO2 4 +2H

?RT 计算气体的摩尔质量即可判断(2 p



- Cr2O2 7 +H2O(2 分)

2 - (2)Cr2O2 +14H =2Cr3 +6Fe3 +7H2O(2 分) 7 +6Fe
+ + + +

根据电子转移守恒有:3x=(2-x)×1,故 x=0.5(2 分) ,即 FeSO4?7H2O 的物质的量至少 应为 CrO3 的 5 倍,即 FeSO4?7H2O 的质量至少应为 CrO3 的 13.9 倍(2 分) (3)因为在处理过程中 Fe2 会被空气中的 O2 氧化,所以要多加些 FeSO4?7H2O 固体(2 分)

people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified as 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd continue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the d emand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy" conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an of ficial term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n responsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres ther e, change text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention to the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non-difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05 to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for the pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enthusia sm of the masse s, played

10

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achiev e g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evaluati on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng, dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the brea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s erio usne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of un derstanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the hist ory of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of managi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen ref orm, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in the use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt systems, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, str engthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overa ll civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w ork ers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on sti m ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical kno wledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

(4)由 Ksp[Fe(OH)2]=10


-15

计算 c(OH )最大,c(OH )=10
+ - +





-5 +

mol/L,pH=9(3 分)
+ + + +

(5)用铁作为阳极进行电解时,阳极产生 Fe2 :Fe-2e =Fe2 (1 分) ,阴极消耗 H :2H +
3 - 2e =H2↑(1 分) ,且在酸性溶液中 Fe2 将 Cr2O2 的同时也消耗 H (1 分) ,故 7 还原为 Cr

使溶液的 pH 上升而生成 Cr(OH)3 和 Fe(OH)3 等沉淀(1 分) 五、选做题(本题含《化学与技术》 、 《物质结构与性质》和《有机化学基础》三个模块,每个 模块 25 分。请从三个模块中任选两个模块作答,若三个模块均作答则以所答的前两个模块 计分,共 50 分。 )

《化学与技术》模块
18.本题共 25 分 (1) (1)从反应速率分析,合成氨的条件应为高温、高压、催化剂(1 分) ;从化学平衡分析, 合成氨的条件应为低温、高压(1 分) 。工业上,通常采用以铁为主的催化剂,在 400~500 ℃ 和 10~30 MPa 的条件下合成氨(2 分) 。它们的主要不同是在温度的控制上(2 分) 。 (2)防止催化剂中毒(2 分) 生:高温、低压(2 分) (3)吸热反应(1 分) (4)不能(1 分)


吸收 CO:低温、高压(2 分)

用使[Cu(NH3)2]Ac 溶液再

由表中数据可知温度升高平衡正向移动(2 分)

因为水的沸点只有 100 ℃,而该反应发生的温度为 570 ℃(2 分)
+ + -

阳极:3H2-6e →6H (2 分) ;阴极:N2+6H +6e →2NH3(2 分) (5)2NH3(2 分) 、H2(1 分)

《物质结构与性质》模块
19.本题共 25 分 (1)1s22s22p63s23p63d6(2 分) (2)①具有孤对电子(1 分) Fe3 的 3d 能级为 3d5 半充满状态,较稳定(2 分)


②sp 杂化(2 分) C O(2 分) Cl Cl Fe Cl Cl Fe Cl Cl (2 分)

③三氯化铁为分子晶体(2 分)

(3)8(2 分) 1︰1(2 分) 50(2 分) (4)γ-Fe 的密度:

4 6 ×7.86 g/cm3 = 8.56 g/cm3(3 分) 9

r=

3 2 ? 55.85 cm = 1.24 × 10-8 cm(3 分) ?3 4 7.86N A
第 11 页 (共 12 页)

people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified a s 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd cont inue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the demand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy " conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an official term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n resp onsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres there, c hange text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention t o the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non -difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05

to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for t he pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enth usia sm of the masse s, playe d

well, with t he effectiveness of services to defend the i nterests of the mas ses. T hird, we s hould strive to do well . To achieve g ood practi cal res ults, t he key is t o know the law, to gras p the la ws a nd using laws. Office of e conomi c devel opme nt, s ocial progres s, there are rules to fol low. Only a ct according t o the l aw, t o over come blindne ss a nd stre ngthe ning i nitiative, creative. Working i n the Office, we shoul d be good at a nalyzi ng the e sse nce of thing s, to fi nd reg ular thi ng, cha nge from pas sive to a ctive, to seek one . Inve stee 2. establi shment of evaluati on system. Evaluation system is ess e ntially an i nce ntive mechanism, the evalua ti on wa s obje ctive and fair, reas onable, and ca n stimulate a pers on' s energy, mobilizi ng people's e nthusiasm or be misleadi ng , dampe ned t he e nthusiasm of people. At prese nt, the concept of people -orie nted people, but to establi sh a nd perfect eval uat ion system i s still laggi ng behi nd. Work i n thi s area s hould be s eriously caught up. "Three em pha sis on" to take a dvantage of. I s a focus on sta ndar ds a nd scie ntific. A fundame ntal poi nt of the eval uation criteria, i s to keep contact, development, compre hensive eye evaluati on of cadres . Office w ork, bot h "recor d" and "potential performance"; both s ubje ctive efforts, take another l ook at the obj ective condition; both "pragmatic" e nough, take another l ook at the "retreat" level. Second, focus on parti cipati ng the br ea dth of the subje ct. Evaluation of ca dres must give full play to democra cy, cadres a nd t he masse s ha ndi ng over eval uation. Office w ork services leadershi p and servi ce ba se, s erve the people, then nominate d the main obj ect will contain a vari ety of services, so that asses sment was a ccurate and to avoi d one-side dne ss. T hird, pay attention t o the s eriousne ss of the concl usi on. T he use of evaluation finding s is mainly em bodied i n hi s directi on. Permitted to choos e one, it would be tantamount to esta blis hing a banner. Evaluati on can't tak e care of the balance, ot herwi se it would undermine the offset the positive significa nce of evaluation. Office of the party committees at all level s shoul d take the findings a s on the cadre s ' bonus-penalty, a n important ba sis for future m ovements, i ncentive a nd restrai nt effect of making evaluati ons. 3. Preventi on of understanding "infi delity". Pe ople -centered devel opment, concrete i s dial ectical,. I n pra ctice i n the process , to preve nt one-side d and still l ook, from actual people. One i s to use dialecti cal point of view to understand. H umanist i s the core of the s cientific Outl ook on development, remai ns the devel opme nt of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opme nt emphasize s, is st ill taking e conomic construction as t he Ce nter. A ny de parture from the development of thoug ht and acti on, i s a misinter pretation and misunder standi ng of people-oriente d. A dhere t o pe opl e-oriente d bot h to overcome one-si de dnes s of the old, but also t o preve nt one-side dne ss, not accelerati ng the development of people a nd t he opposition. M ust be very cle ar, pe ople oriente d and s peedi ng up deve lopme nt is not oppose d, but cons istent, w e shoul d nev er bestre ngthe ned passw ord centralize d manageme nt, e nha nce d pas swor d communi cation network a nd t he constr ucti on of electronic Gover nment Affairs netw ork, strengt hen t he translation of code cabl es w ork, strengt hen t he manag ement of important files, make sure t hat the passw ord i s absol utely safe, e nsure that Cry ptography is a bsol utely cl ear. History of work t o write a hi story of the origi nal, compi led a book call ed cha ngde Year book, out of a j ournal of the history of the publicati on, producti on of a s ong of the past after rea ding for ums, chang de, a story of people's hard w ork and exhi bition. Ar chives t o go t he pat h of mana gi ng archives a ccording t o la w, strengt hen t he construction of all type s of archives, wit h the focus on key pr oject ar chive s, private e nterpri ses, credit a nd Community Archive s Archives, maki ng full use of ele ctronic mea ns of technol ogy and netw ork, a nd promote t he standardi zation and legalizati on of archive s and informati on. I nvestee 4 . insist on the logisti cs, w ill be around strong strong reforms , ca dres of se rvice ma nagement. Office worker s is to be for t his, deepen reform, stre ngthe n management, and conti nuously meet t he ca dres of the organs functi on properly and the need for material a nd cultural life. One i s to e nha nce t he logi stical s upport capa bility. A dapt to t he ne w situati on of the market economy, making full use of s ocial pow er, flexibi lity in t he use of market mecha nisms and accelerate t he proces s of marketization a nd socializati on of l ogistic s ervice s. Adhere to t he instit utionalizati on of the l ogisti cs manageme nt, establ ish a nd im plement a fina ncial ma nagement system, tr olley manageme nt system s, he alth manageme nt systems, security systems, s uch as the logistics management system, strengthen the management of huma n, financial, material, a nd l ogistical services standardi zed a nd i nstituti onalize d track. Se condly, we shoul d strengthen the management of construction. Increasi ng investme nt, improvi ng the w orking conditions of organs; overall civilization create a n activit y, and consta ntly improve t he level of civ ilization; to promote gree ning , lighting , purification, flowers, l andsca ping , Office w orkers create a good e nvironment for work a nd life. Thir d, to impr ove staff welfare. To in poli cy allow s of range withi n, trying to for Office cadre s workers sol ution housi ng, and couples se paration, and childre n empl oyment, as pect s of actua l difficult pr ovide s hel p, ha s conditi ons of pla ce and units, als o shoul d appropriate to i ncrea sed cadres w orkers of welfare, real do "career left pe opl e, feelings left people, appropriate treatment left people", let Ge neral Office staff in pay har d efforts of while , feel organizati on of warm, get due of affordabl e. Investe e 5. insist on the team, will focus on stim ulating vitality who car e and re spe ct for pe ople . To Office cadre s for the cut ... Learni ng style, stre ngthe n the theoretical knowledge, optimize t he structure of knowle dge, and continuously impr ove the quality of ca dres a nd w orkers. Attention to their physi cal healt h, and actively carry out regular w holes ome recr eational

《有机化学基础》模块
22.本题共 25 分

O
CH

(1)

CH2 (2

分)

(2 分)
O

OCH3 (2

分)

O CH2OCH

(2 分) [ CH2=CH ]n

OCCH3

OH

(2 分)

O

(2 分)

nCH2=CH (2)

催化剂 △

(2 分)

(3)

-CH3

酸性 KMnO4 溶液

-COOH

CH3OH 浓硫酸 △

-COOCH3(5 分)

高锰酸钾(1 分) ,苯甲酸(2 分) ,甲醇(1 分) ,浓硫酸(1 分)
HC CH CH HC HC C H CH (1

HC

CH

(4)

HC

分) 、
H3C CH3

(1 分)

(5)由题目给出的信息可推出:G 是苯甲酸,I 是苯甲醇,K 是苯酚。根据所给试剂,可采用如 下方案鉴定,学生回答 1 个方案即可。 方案 1: 取 3 个试管,各加 2 mL 水,分别将少许 G、I、K 加入试管中,再各加 1~2 滴 FeCl3 溶液, 呈现蓝紫色的试管中的化合物为苯酚 K; (2 分)另取 2 个试管,各加适量 NaOH 溶液,分别 将 G 和 I 加入试管中,充分振荡后,不溶于 NaOH 溶液的化合物为苯甲醇 I,溶于 NaOH 溶 液的化合物为苯甲酸 G(2 分) 方案 2: 取 3 个试管,各加 2 mL 水,分别将少许 G、I、K 加入试管中,再各加几滴溴水,产生白色 沉淀的试管中的化合物为苯酚 K; (2 分)另取 2 个试管,各加适量 NaOH 溶液,分别将 G 和 I 加入试管中,充分振荡后,不溶于 NaOH 溶液的为苯甲醇 I,溶于 NaOH 溶液的为苯甲酸 G (2 分)
people-oriente d in the name of reduci ng our enthusia sm. Premier We n Jiaba o's G overnme nt work report this yea r, ide ntified as 7% gr owth, 2 .1% low er than la st year's 9.1% , but i n 8 work remai ns to a ccelerate development i n the first pla ce ... Work standards. Second is to use the scale of development to understand. Society is ev olving, human nee ds are als o changi ng. Pra ctice of humani sm is a long-term pr oces s and ca nnot be achieve d overnig ht. To treat people if you stand still and rigid dogma, it is poss ible t o return t o t his, s ee thing s but not people's old ways. T herefore, w e have to foll ow the development of the times, a nd continue de buggi ng the humani st pers pective , innovative pe ople -oriented wa y. Under the new histori cal conditions, we are re que sted by the times, set up a bra nd new concept, a high starting poi nt, hig h standard of armed people, s hapi ng, exerci se, people, consta ntly taking the new connotation of the times. Terms of Office, i s to lead t he vast num bers of ca dres to a ctively ada pt to the k nowle dge faster and a ctively ada pt 员 权 授 无 病 因 ; 字 理 代 定 法 其 时 力 能 为 事 民 全 完 备 具 不 。 情 知 署 签 人 本 由 当 应 , 动 活 疗 医 的 行 进 可 方 意 同 面 书 者 患 得 取 需 对 to the increasi ngly high level of leadership situation, a ctively adapt t o the d emand of the masse s more and more situations, eager to lear n, e nha nce a ccumulation, efforts, hone d the a bility to over come a good service, pa nic. T hird is t o use rea listic understanding. A dhere to pe ople -oriented m ust be based on realit y, not divor ced from reality. Desk no water cups here i n Hong Kong, staff need t o drink some water to the dri nking fountain on a floor, the gla ss used i s a one-time non-cone type. Dri nk this cup ca n only hol d, ca nnot be put down. This i s not only to save on gla ss materials, m ore important is t o force you to get drinki ng water, g o ba ck to your seat busine ss. Our empha sis on pe opl e-oriente d, does not imply you can i ndulge the desires , the comfortable, t he pursuit of enjoyme nt. Office of the party committe es at all level s of our comrade s, must conti nue to mai ntain the st yle of plain livi ng and hard str uggle, to sta nd up to t he tests of temptations, exciti ng "energy" conservation "dis position" to the s pirit of selfless dedi cation and provi de services. Investe e 4. cle arly define d responsibilities. Putting people first is a common visi on of development, every one is a li abilit y. Pe ople -oriented, above and bel ow with t he responsibility for coordi nating system must be establi she d and hold every one a ccounta ble. Fir st, we must stre ngthen t he leaders hip. "I n its pla ce, its gover nance, its level , bear the responsibil ity of the Divisi on." T his is the minimum requirement for lea ders, is a mea sure of the basi c criteria for w hether a lea ding cadre is competent. Leader s nee d to "it is an of ficial term for the benefit of" mission, consci ous ly ass ume responsi bility for impleme nting people-oriente d. Dire ctor of the Office of the party committees at all levels i s the res ponsi bility of the units to implement people-oriente d, to manage t heir pe opl e, "plug i n ow n responsibility", effectively enha nce t he educati on of lea ding ca dres, cadres a nd cadre s work, efforts to revitalize the Office of huma n resource s, Office w ork is full of vigor a nd vitalityactivity, and constantly impr ove the physi cal quality of cadre s and workers. Broaden the cha nnels int o his Office, increase the intensity of writing the ope n sel ecti on of ca dres a nd ca dres ther e, change text structure is not optimal conditi ons, and continuously impr ove the overall qual ity of cadres a nd w orkers. T he se cond is t o create a relaxed e nvironme nt. With a deep affecti on for Office ca dres, cadres a nd t he mentality of the concer n, attention to the ir conditi ons of life, do more w ork on straighten out emoti on, t o cheer on, and strive to create a lively a nd pos itive worki ng atmosphere. Members of the leadi ng Group Office of the party committees at all le vels, more Excha nge of ide as with t he ca dres and workers , with a n equal mind, hum ble attitude of listeni ng, take concrete a ctions to create a harmonious atmosphere. T hirdl y, attention to their gr owth. Office is the place where tale nts. Leaders at all levels concer ned Office cadre s, as well a s giving them tasks, from yada nzi, s o that they get exercis e and improve i n practi ce, more politi cal interest a nd to foste r, increase t he inte nsity of prom oted use of Office cadres, effort into high office into a high, high, high multi ple of a pool of water. (D) the investee insists, i s at a new hi storical peri od of carryi ng forward t he spirit of man, the fundame ntal line of play to pe ople' s creativity. People-oriented, not only i n the ideol ogical understanding deep unders tanding of its rich conte nt, but also i n pra ctice correctl y. 1. i nsist on the unity of knowle dge. Knowledge i s the forerunner, purpose of the line i s known. Know non-difficult, difficult, li ne int o SI, acti ons speak l ouder tha n wor ds. People-oriente d, must res olve on the understanding that t he problems, practice s in pla ce, a nd make s ure the unity of knowledg e. One is to e ns ure that it works . Huma ns live in a w orld t hat is made from nat ural, huma n, s ocial, consisti ng of three parts. Pra ctice of people-orie nted, from man and nat ure, man a nd s ociet y, man a nd man to gra sp the relati onshi p betwe en, and e nha nce sy stem performance and integrity. Not l ong ago, Shenzhe n, deci ded to post pone the timeta ble for basi cally realizi ng s ociali st moder nization by 20 05

to 2010, the main reason is a refle ction of pe ople's livi ng standards and the indicat ors of pr ogress towar ds s ustainable development lagge d. Thi s is a rational, is al so a kind of courage. A s requested by t he pe opl e-oriente d to do Office work, be s ure to keep a breast of the scie ntific deve lopme nt thought of the Party Committee, clos e to the l ocal e conomi c and social reality, kee p abrea st of the needs of the pe opl e, so t hat politi cs can be to the poi nt, set to get the key. Second, to adhere to it. People ca n not hang on t he mout h, too ma ny, few even preaching one t hing a nd doing t he opposite. For Office work, is to better is most e nriching poli cy recomme ndations, caring for the pe ople writi ng the re port articl e, many pe opl e nur sing s upervi sion, do more for most people gain Benefits of practical g ood. Pay parti cular attenti on to t he opini ons of the masse s and listen t o good groomi ng, reflect s the good, gui de a nd pr otect the enthusia sm of the masse s, played

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