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新编大学英语第三册2单元B3U2 演示文稿

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Task 3

His body rattled like a dry stick in his empty shell. (Line 12)
译 文

佳 句 欣 赏

本句采用了明喻的修辞手法,非常形象地说明 了乌龟饥饿的程度。like是介词,表示“像…… 一样”,是这个比喻句的比喻词, his body 是 本体,a dry stick是喻体。明喻(simile)是就 两个不同类对象之间的相似点进行比喻。明喻 中常用like做比喻词,此外还有as, as if, as though, as…as, similar to, 等等。

Example

Her happiness vanished like the morning dew.
她的幸福像晨露一样消失了。

Beauty is as summer fruits, which are easy to corrupt and cannot last.
美者犹如夏日蔬果,易腐难存。

It rained as if the flood-gates of Heaven were opened, and it lighted awfully.
雨倾盆而下,犹如天上的水闸打开了,而且电光 闪闪,极其可怕。

His body rattled like a dry stick in his empty shell. (Line 12)

译 文

他的身体就像一段枯柴 棍在空荡荡的躯壳里咔 咔作响。

Slowly but surely he began to plan how he would go to the sky. (Line 12)
译 文

佳 句 欣 赏

slowly but surely: carefully in order to avoid problems 稳扎稳打地 surely: in a sure way 稳当地,踏实地,有把握
副词连用作方式状语,使句意鲜明、思想突出。 此处说明乌龟富于心计。这类短语常位于句首, 也可放在句末。

Example

Slowly but surely the great ship glided into the water.
那艘巨轮缓慢而*稳地下水 了。

The violinist played the difficult passage skillfully and surely.
这位小提琴手把难度大的乐段演 奏得很有技巧,也很有把握。

Slowly but surely he began to plan how he would go to the sky. (Line 12)





于是他稳扎稳打地开始 计划如何能到天上去。

They chose to fly home on an empty stomach. (Line 60)
译 文

句 型 应 用

choose to do something
表示“选定,决定做某事”, 后面接不定式。

Example

They choose to ignore her warning.
他们决定不理她的警告。

Few women, offered the chance of such a career, would choose to stay at home.
如果有事业机会, 几乎没有妇女会愿意呆在家里。

I chose to continue with my career as a music teacher.
我决定继续我音乐教师的生涯。

They chose to fly home on an empty stomach. (Line 60)

译 文

他们宁可空着肚子飞回去。

And there he stood in his hard shell full of food and wine but without any wings to fly home. (Line 61)
译 文

难 句 分 析

全句的主要结构是he stood there, there置前 倒装。full of food and wine 和 without any wings to fly home 两个短语作方式状语,说 明乌龟现在酒足饭饱,但是却没有翅膀回家的 窘迫状况。

And there he stood in his hard shell full of food and wine but without any wings to fly home. (Line 61)





乌龟站在那儿,身上只剩了一个硬壳, 里面满是佳肴美酒,却没了可飞回家的 翅膀。

Task 4

feast (Line 5, Para. 2)
n. 1) a large meal, especially one for a special occasion 盛宴 2) a day kept in memory of a religious event(宗教的)节日 v. [+ on] eat and drink a lot on a special occasion 尽情地吃喝,饱餐

Translation

圣诞节是基督教的一个重要节日。

Christmas is an important feast for Christians.
为了向来访的总统表示敬意,厨师长准备了盛宴。

The chef prepared a feast in honor of the president’s visit. He feasted his eyes on the beautiful sight of sunset.
他饱览了落日美景。

ungrateful (adj.) (Line 18, Para. 6) not expressing thanks for something that someone has given to you or done for you
忘恩负义的,不领情的

Translation

那个忘恩负义的孩子将我的礼物扔到地板上。

The ungrateful child threw my gift on the floor.
我不想让人觉得我不领情,但我真的不需要任何帮助。

I don’t mean to sound ungrateful, but I really don’t need any help.

mischief (n.) (Line 19, Para. 6) playful misbehavior or troublemaking, especially in children
顽皮,捣蛋,恶作剧

mischievous (adj.) 调皮的,恶作剧的
Translation

告诉孩子们别胡闹。

Tell the children to keep out of mischief.
他需要一个爱好来使自己忙起来并且停止搞恶作剧。

He needs a hobby to keep him busy and stop him from getting into mischief.

rest assured (Line 22, Para. 7) not to worry or be certain
请放心, 确信无疑 (常用于祈使句)

Translation

你可以放心,我们一定尽力而为。

You can rest assured that we will do all we can.
请放心,一切都正常。

Rest assured that everything is under control.

词汇辨析

对比:make sure that 确信,感到确信无疑

I make sure that he would be here.
我确信他会来这里。

Rest assured that he would be here.
放心吧,他会来这里的。

eloquent (adj.) (Line 40, Para. 12) fluent or persuasive in speaking or writing 雄辩的,有说服力的;
清楚表明的
Translation

苏珊在她的毕业课上做了动人的演讲。

Susan gave an eloquent speech to her graduating class. Her enthusiasm made her quite eloquent.
她的热情使她讲起话来很是流利。
反义词:tongue-tied

in approval of (Line 40-41, Para. 12) agree with 赞同;同意

Translation

We will have to submit this plan for approval by the managing director.
我们得将此计划提交总经理批准。

We won’t start building without the mayor’s approval.
没有市长的批准,我们不会动工。

Our teacher gave her approval to our plans for a graduation party.
老师同意了我们举办毕业聚会的计划。

grumble (v.) (Line 55, Para. 16) 1) (+ about/at/over) speak with a low, indistinct, and possibly complaining voice 咕哝,嘟囔,发牢骚 *意词:complain mutter 2) rumble 发轰轰声
Translation

He grumbles at his lot instead of resolutely facing his difficulties.
他不是果敢地去面对困难, 而是抱怨自己运气不佳。

The train grumbled into motion.
火车轰隆一声起动了。

faithful (adj.) (Line 67, Para. 19)
1) full of or showing loyalty
忠实的,忠诚的,可信赖的

2) true to the facts or to an original
如实的,准确可靠的

3) (+ to) loyal to one’s (marriage) partner by having no sexual relationship with anyone else
忠贞的,贞洁的

Exercise

词义练*: 请标出下面各句中faithful 含义的序号并翻译句子

He is faithful in word and deed. 忠实的
他言行忠实。

He will be faithful to you if you marry him. 忠贞的
假如你与他结婚,他会对你忠 诚的。

Do you think the film adaptation was faithful to the book? 如实的
你认为这部改编的电影剧本忠实于原著吗?

词汇辨析

*意词比较:faithful, loyal, constant

faithful loyal

指“一贯忠于誓言、责任和义务等的” 指 “坚定不移地忠于某人、事业或国 家等”,而且含有“愿为其不顾艰苦而 奋斗到底”的味。

constant 表示“坚定的”、“坚贞的”、“经
久不变的”,强调 “忠诚的稳定 性”,

Exercise

请选择 faithful, loyal, constant 的适当形式 填空。

他们对友谊忠贞不渝。

constant They are ________ in friendship.
我们必须忠于祖国。

We must be _____ to our motherland. loyal
他信守诺言。

faithful He is _______ to his promise.

deliver (v.) (Line 67, Para. 19)

1) take something (to someone or some place) 送递
2) (for a woman) give birth to a baby
生产

3) give a speech; read something out loud 演讲

Translation

我们公司会送货上门。

Our company will deliver your order to your door.
安娜生了一对健康的双胞胎。

Anna delivered a healthy set of twins.
她做了一场关于社会哲学的演讲。

She delivered a talk on philosophy to the society.

dutifully (adv.) (Line 70, Para. 19) obediently 恭顺地;尽职尽责地

Translation

人们恭敬地排队等候投票。

The people stood dutifully in line waiting to vote.
作为明星,他经常毫无怨言地、尽职尽责地亲笔 签名。

As a famous star, he always dutifully signs autographs without complaint.

Task 5

任何事都没逃得过他的眼睛。

Nothing ever escaped his notice.
他狡黠无比,诡计多端。

He was full of cunning.
一想到天上的盛宴,他不禁垂涎三尺。

His throat began to itch at the very thought of the great feast in the sky.
我们老早就把你看透了。/ 我了解你可不是一天 两天了。

We know you of old.

她巧舌如簧。 / 她能说会道。

She has a sweet tongue.
古老的*俗

the age-old custom
一个游历甚广的人

a widely traveled man
饿着肚子回家

to go home on an empty stomach



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