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2013-2014学年度政治中考二轮专题复习 我国与发达国家有很大的差距


Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. In dustrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omation a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d gr eat us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get people's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now continues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is com plete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipula tor development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportu nities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of experie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm on the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robot ic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obotic arm. As the first generati on of m ani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

2013-2014 学年度政治中考二轮复习专题卷--我国与发达国家有很 大的差距
学校:___________姓名:___________班级:___________考号:___________ 一、单选题() 1、我国现阶段还存着“看病难、住房难、入托难、行路难”等问题,这体现了我国现阶段 的主要矛盾是 A.人民日益增长的物质文化需要同落后的社会生产之间的矛盾 B.广大人民群众同极少数破坏社会主义建设的敌对分子的矛盾 C.工人阶级与农民阶级之间的矛盾 2、下列图表数据主要说明 国家/项目 中国 美国 科技贡献率 39% 70% 对外技术依存度 50% 5% 高级技工占工人比例 3.5% 40%

A.我国经济增长率远远落后于发达国家 B.我国对外开放水平有了很大的提高 C.我国科技发展水平低,对外依存度高 D.我国综合国力与发达国家差距日益拉大

3、党的十八大报告,首次提出确保到 2020 年全面建成小康社会,实现城乡居民人均收入比 2010 年翻一番。全面建成小康社会,最艰巨最繁重的任务在农村,特别是在贫困地区。这 说明我国 ①现在达到的小康是低水平的、不全面的、发展不平衡的 ②仍处于并将长期处于社会 主义初级阶段 ③将很快实现同步富裕 ④面临建设更高水平小康社会的重任 A.②③④ B.①②③ C.①③④ D.①②④ 4、下图《总有一项难倒你》反映了

A.我国不可能实现共同富裕 B.现阶段我国的基本国情 C.我国政府要关注农民工问题 D.维护社会公平是当前政府的中心工作 5、下列曲线图反映了我国 1953—1958、1959—1964、1970—1975、1979—1984 四个时期国 内生产总值(GDP)增长率的变化。其中与 1959—1964 年相对应的是

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fat al flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd (3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation technology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n term s of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o great adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more mi croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Co ntrol System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Programmabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS cont rast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardware there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity t ools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s great adva nta ges i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch cont rolling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogrammable Logical Controll er (that is

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. In dustrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omation a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get peo ple's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now continues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of experie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm o n the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obot ic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

A C

B D )

6、下图是某杂志的封面。从中获取的历史信息是,当时(

A.中国人造卫星发射升空 C.浮夸现象十分盛行

B.杂交水稻培育成功 D.科教兴国战略初见成效 )

7、图说明未来几十年我国仍将面临的人口问题是(

①人口总数过多 ②人口素质偏低 ③人口老龄化速度加快 ④男女性别比失衡 A.①② B.③④ C.①③ D.②④ 8、目前中国与发达国家的农业科技状况的比较( 农业科技贡献率(%) 中国 48 发达国家 70~80 ) 每万人农村人口中农业科技人员 数(人) 中国 1.7 发达国家 40

①科技和教育是社会发展的强大动力 ②我国的科技和教育水平与发达国家相比还有很大差距 ③我国劳动者科学文化素质不高 ④我国要实施科教兴国战略,依靠科技进步发展经济 A.①②③④ B.②③④ C.①②④

D.①③④

9、读 2010 年中日若干数据对比图,回答题。

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd ( 3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation t echnology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o great adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more m i croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Programmabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardware there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s gre at adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogramm able Logical Controll er (that is

2

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. Industrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omat ion a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get people's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now cont inues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimi zati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubi quitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he desig n i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of ex perie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm on the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obotic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

【小题 1】中、日两国每公斤标准煤创造的 GDP 差距大,说明了我国存在 A.资源人均占有量少 B.资源分布不平衡 C.资源利用率低 D.资源质量不高 【小题 2】根据数据对比图,中、日两国每公斤标准煤 创造的 GDP 差距大的原因是 ①人口数量大 ②社会生产力还比较低 ③科学技术水平 ④民族文化素质还不够高 A.①②③ C.②③④ B.①③④ D.①②④

10、2012 年 3 月全国两会召开,民生议题升温:房产调控、物价涨幅、收入差距、上学看 病就业、食品安全、校车安全等民生热点最受关注。这份“民生清单”反映了在我国现阶段 社会的主要矛盾是 A.我国的社会生产力水平还比较低 B.医疗服务与教育公平之间的矛盾 C.经济发展、人口发展与保护环境之间的矛盾 D.人民日益增长的物质文化需要与落后的社会生产之间的矛盾 11、国家统计局发布数据,2010 年我国国内生产总值(GDP)为亿元人民币,超过日本,仅 次于美国,成为世界第二大经济体。虽然我国人均 GDP 已达到 29748 元人民币,但仍排在世 界第 100 位左右,经济发展不平衡问题突出,百姓生活水平仍待提高。这表明 ①改革开放以来,我国的综合国力不断增强,现已跻身于世界经济强国之列 ②我国人民实现了由贫穷到温饱、再由温饱到小康的历史性跨越 ③我国现在的小康还是低水平的、不全面的、发展不平衡的 ④我国现在已基本实现了现代化 A.①② B.②③ C.①④ D.②④ 12、对漫画《“小康”路上》认识正确的有

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd (3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation technology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o gre at adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more mi croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Program mabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardwar e there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the v irtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomat ic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s great adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogrammable Logical Controll er (that is

3

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. In dustrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omation a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get peo ple's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now continues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of experie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm o n the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obot ic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

A.我国现阶段医疗、住房、教育等问题的存在阻碍了小康社会的发展 B.党和国家应坚持以人为本,不断解决民生问题 C.我国目前的小康还是低水平的、不全面的、发展很不平衡的小康 D.建设小康社会应该避开医疗、住房、教育等问题 13、漫画直接反映了

A.我国人民生活贫穷 B.我国社会的主要矛盾是物价飞涨与人民生活幸福之间的矛盾 C.控制物价是当前国家的根本任务 D.人民日益增长的物质文化需要同落后的社会生产之间的矛盾这一社会主要矛盾 14、2012 年 3 月全国两会召开,民生议题升温:房产调控、物价涨幅、收入差距、上学看 病就业、食品安全、校车安全等民生热点最受关注。这份“民生清单”反映了在我国现阶段 社会的主要矛盾是 A.我国的社会生产力水平还比较低 B.医疗服务与教育公平之间的矛盾 C.经济发展、人口发展与保护环境之间的矛盾 D.人民日益增长的物质文化需要与落后的社会生产之间的矛盾 15、建设社会主义新农村,必须从中国实际出发,中国最大的实际是( A.经济发展不平衡,东西部之间的差距大 B.我国是世界上人口最多的国家 C.我国面临严峻的环境形势 D.我国正处于并将长期处于社会主义初级阶段 )。

16、“攒钱的速度永远赶不上房价上涨的速度。”电视剧《蜗居》里的台词折射出都市“房 奴” 的辛酸苦辣,“蜗居”一词迅速成为年度热词。

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd ( 3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation t echnology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o great adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more m i croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Programmabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardware there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s gre at adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogramm able Logical Controll er (that is

4

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. Industrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omat ion a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get people's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now cont inues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimi zati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubi quitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he desig n i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of ex perie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm on the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obotic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

“房奴”“蜗居”反映了我国的基本国情是( ) A社会分配不公,贫富差距大 B社会主义初级阶段 C人口众多,住房难以解决 D还没解决温饱问题 17、贫穷尚未远去。2010 年,我国的人均国内生产总值不到世界平均水平的一半,按照联 合国的标准,目前我国仍有 1.5 亿贫困人口。这表明( ) ①发展中国家的属性没有根本改变 ②所处的和平国际环境没有改变 ③社会主义初级阶段的主要矛盾没有根本改变 ④社会主义初级阶段这一基本国情没有根本改变 A.①②③ B.①②④ C.①③④ D.②③④ 18、2010 年 11 月我国进行了第六次全国人口普查工作。那么,现阶段我国人口现状的基本 特点是 ①人口基数大 ②新增人口多 ③ 人口素质偏低 ④农村人口多 A.①②③ B.①②④ C.②③④ D.①③④ 19、2011 年 4 月 28 日,国家统计局发布第六次全国人口普查公报:我国总人口为 13.7 亿 人;60 岁及以上人口占 13.26%,比 2000 年上升 2.93 年百分点。从上述材料中可以看出我 国 ( ) A.严峻的人口形势得到根本缓解 B.人口总量大,增长速度快 C.人口分布不均衡,人口素质低 D.人口总量大,老龄化进程加快 20、“物价上涨慢一点;收入增长快一点;就业机会多一点;资源消费少一点;孩子学费降 一点;医疗费用低一点……”这一民谣从根本上反映的是 ( ) A.经济发展与人口众多的矛盾 B.现阶段我国社会的主要矛盾 C.东部地区与西部地区的矛盾 D.城市经济发展与农村经济发展之间的矛盾 21、对右边的漫画,理解正确的是

A.只要有钱,就可不实行计划生育 B.没有钱,就不怕计划生育罚款 C.我国老百姓中还存在一些“多子多福”的传统思想,影响计划生育政策的实施 D.老百姓都在履行计划生育的义务

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd (3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation technology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o gre at adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more mi croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Program mabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardwar e there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the v irtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomat ic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s great adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogrammable Logical Controll er (that is

5

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. In dustrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omation a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get peo ple's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now continues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of experie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm o n the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obot ic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

22、下面体现社会主义初级阶段主要矛盾的是: ①城市还有部分低保家庭和生活困难的家庭 ②农村交通设施基础差, 人民群众行路难③贫 困家庭的学生无力承担高昂的大学学费 ④我国参加朝韩六方会谈 A.①②③④ B.①②③ C.①② D.③④ 23、下列能直接反映我国现阶段主要矛盾的是( ) A.我国存在就医难、就业难、就学难、住房难问题 B.深圳第 26 届世界大学生夏季运动会开幕 C.利比亚局势动荡不安,中国政府实施大规模海外公民撤离行动 D.2011 年 7 月 17 日,中方就美国总统会见达赖喇嘛提出严正交涉 24、截止 2011 年末,全国 60 岁及以上老年人口已达 1.8499 亿,占总人口的比重达 13.7%。 是世界上唯一一个老年人口超过 1 亿的国家。要应对此问题,我们必须( ) ①以经济建设为中心 ②鼓励育龄青年晚婚晚育 ③努力做好优生优育工作④完善社会保障制度 A.①② B.②④ C.③④ D.①④ 25、下列选项中能直接体现现阶段我国社会主要矛盾的是( A.天宫一号的发射成功 B.我国部分边远地区经济落后教育医疗水平低 C.长江三峡工程实现机组全面投产发电 D.我国体育健儿实现伦敦奥运表现 )

26、下列能直接体现现阶段我国社会主要矛盾的是( ) ①2011 年 11 月 3 日,“天宫一号”与“神舟八号”交会对接成功 ②两会时,住房、医改、物价等问题仍然引起百姓的极大关注 ③我国经济建设与环境保护的矛盾 ④2012 年泉州有 64000 余名初三毕业生,但只有少数学生能就读八所重点高中 A.①③ B.②④ C.①② D.②③ 27、2011 年 10 月 14 日,温总理在第 110 届中国进出口商品交易会开幕式上发表讲话时指 出,人口多、底子薄、发展不平衡,科学技术相对落后,经济体制和政治体制还不完善,是 我们的基本国情。这表明( ) A.社会主要矛盾贯穿于初级阶段的整个过程 B.我国已步入中等收入国家行列 C.我国现阶段的生产力水平还比较低 D.我国仍然处于社会主义初级阶段 28、下边漫画《当代愚公》说明

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd ( 3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation t echnology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o great adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more m i croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Programmabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardware there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s gre at adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogramm able Logical Controll er (that is

6

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. Industrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omat ion a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get people's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now cont inues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimi zati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubi quitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he desig n i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of ex perie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm on the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obotic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

A.社会生产相对落后,人民的需要难以完全满足 B.我国目前只存在着教育、医疗、住房三大难题 C.解决了教育、医疗、住房问题,就实现了全面小康 D.我国生态环境恶化,存在着严重的环境污染问题 29、现阶段,我国社会的主要矛盾是( ) A.生产力与生产关系之间的矛盾 B.人民日益增长的物质文化需要同落后的社会生产之间的矛盾 C.公有制经济与非公有制经济之间的矛盾 D.人口众多与资源短缺之间的矛盾 30、当代中国最基本的国情是( ) A.正处于并将长期处于社会主义初级阶段 B.社会主义的具体制度还不够完善 C.是世界上人口最多的国家 D.发展不平衡 31、“物价上涨慢一点,收入增长快一点;就业机会多一点,资源消耗少一点;孩子学费降 一点,医疗费用低一点……”这一民谣从根本上反映了( ) A.现阶段我国社会的干群矛盾 B.东部发达地区与西部落后地区之间的矛盾 C.现阶段我国社会的主要矛盾 D.精神文明与物质文明之间的矛盾 32、在建设中国特色社会主义伟大实践中,制定一切路线、方针、政策都必须从中国的实际 出发。当前我国最大的“实际”是( ) A.我国人民的生活水平已经达到发达国家水平 B.我国处于并将长期处于社会主义初级阶段 C.我国人口众多,资源和环境问题十分严峻 D.我国的科学技术水平、民族文化素质还不够高 33、 “两会”期间,怎样解决上学难、看病难、住房难问题成为代表们关注的热点。上学 难、看病难、住房难从某种意义上反映了我国现阶段的主要矛盾是( ) A.经济发展与环境污染之间的矛盾 B.人民日益增长的物质文化需要同落后的社会生产之间的矛盾

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd (3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation technology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o gre at adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more mi croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Program mabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardwar e there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the v irtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomat ic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s great adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogrammable Logical Controll er (that is

7

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. In dustrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omation a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get peo ple's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now continues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of experie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm o n the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obot ic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

C.广大人民群众与极少数敌对分子之间的矛盾 D.人口增长与资源匮乏之间的矛盾 34、社会主义初级阶段是( ) ①任何国家进入社会主义都必须经历的起始阶段; ②生产力不发达,社会主义制度不完善的阶段; ③中国发展社会主义的一个特定的历史阶段; ④对中国最基本国情的科学表述 A.①②③ B.②③④ C.①②④

D.①③④

35、经过近 30 年的发展,中国取得了举世瞩目的成就。但在看到巨大成就的同时,也要看 到我国目前“两个没有变”。这里“两个没有变”是指( ) ①基本国情没有变 ②国家宏观 政策没有变 ③社会主要矛盾没有变 ④人民生活水平 没有变 A.①② B.②③ C.①③ D.③④ 36 、 是: ) 对 下 面 表 格 数 据 分 析 正 确 ( 我国创造单位 CDP 能耗为其他国家的倍数 美国 4.3 倍 日本 11.5 倍 法国 7.7 倍 的

我国重要矿产资源的人均 量占世界人均的比例 石油 8.3% 天然气 4.1%

①自然资源总量大种类多 ②我国资源人均占有量少,资源相对短缺 ③我国资源利用率低 ④我国经济发展迅速,与发达国家的差距越来越小 A.①②④ B.①③④ D.①②③

C.②③④

37、我国的基本国情是( ) A.我国是不发达阶段 B.我国正处于并将长期处于社会主义初级阶段 C.我国是发展中国家 D.我国已经很发达 38、人口问题的本质是( ) A.吃饭问题 B.就业问题 39、现阶段我国社会的主要矛盾是( ) A.人口众多与民族素质不高之间的矛盾

C.发展问题

D.实行计划生育

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd ( 3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation t echnology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o great adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more m i croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Programmabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardware there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s gre at adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogramm able Logical Controll er (that is

8

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. Industrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omat ion a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get people's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now cont inues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimi zati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubi quitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he desig n i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of ex perie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm on the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obotic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

B.人口众多与环境恶化之间的矛盾 C.人民日益增长的物质文化需要同落后的社会生产之间的矛盾 D.人口众多与资源短缺之间的矛盾 40、我国社会主义初级阶段是指( ) A.从中国共产党成立算起至少需要一百年的时间 B.从中华人民共和国成立算起至少需要一百年的时间 C.从 1956 年社会主义改造完成后算起至少需要一百年的时间 D.从十一届三中全会算起至少需要一百年的时间 二、不定项选择题()

三、简答题() 41、融入社会,探究实践(共 10 分) 材料一:2013 年 3 月 5 日,第十二届全国人民代表大会第一次会议在人民大会堂开幕,听取 国务院总理温家宝作政府工作报告。报告中强调了,过去五年取得的成就来之不易。这是党 中央总揽全局、正确领导的结果,是全党全国各族人民齐心协力、艰苦奋斗的结果。我们清 醒地认识到,经济社会发展中还存在不少矛盾和问题。 (1)我国现阶段的基本国情是什么?(1 分)过去五年工作取得成就的根本原因是什么? (2 分) 材料二:我们要全面正确贯彻党的民族政策,坚持和完善民族区域自治制度,巩固和发展平 等团结互助和谐的社会主义民族关系。 (2)有人认为“民族自治地方享有组织权,不受中央统一领导”,此观点对吗?为什么? (3 分) 材料三:她背起药箱,他再背起她。他心里装的全是她,而她的心里还装着整个村庄。一条 路,两个人,二十年。大山巍峨,溪水蜿蜒,月华皎洁,爱正漫漫的升起。这是 2012 年度 感到中国人物周月华、艾起的颁奖词。 (3)人的一生有无数的追求,我们应怎样去不懈追求,实现人生意义?(2 分) (4)请你在写出两组 2012 年度感动中国人物(周月华、艾起除外)。(2 分) 42、(16 分)请结合图,回答问题。

(1)右图呈现了我国的哪些人口问题?(4 分) (2)上述人口问题对我国发展带来哪些不利的影响? (至少三点)(6 分) (3)为解决上述人口问题,我国实行了哪一基本国策,这一基本国策的目的和要求各是什 么?

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd (3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation technology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o gre at adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more mi croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Program mabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardwar e there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the v irtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomat ic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s great adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogrammable Logical Controll er (that is

9

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. In dustrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omation a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get peo ple's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now continues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of experie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm o n the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obot ic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

43、“你幸福吗?”“我姓曾。”这段神奇的对话出现在央视曾播出的《走基层百姓心声》 特别调查节目中。这名务工人员看似文不对题,却令人遐想连篇的回答在网络火速走红,被 网友们封为 2012 又一“神一样的回复”。 请问: 当前影响人们幸福感的因素有哪些?反映我国现阶段的主要矛盾依然是什么? (4 分) 四、探究题() 44、阅读材料,回答问题(8 分) 材料一 2010 年 9 月 23 日,温家宝总理在第 65 届联合国大会上发表题为“认识一个 真实 的中国”的讲话。总理指出:中国国内生产总值位居世界第三,但人均水平较低,只相当于 发达国家的十分之一左右……中国民生有了很大的改善, 但社会保障体制不健全, 就业压力 大。 材料二:漫画《百姓生活》

(1)用一句话概括出“真实的中国”。(2 分) (2)漫画反映的这些问题体现了我国当前的什么矛盾?(2 分)如何从根本上解决这一矛 盾?(2 分) (3)分析材料一、材料二之间的关系。(2 分) 45、我国南方某市人口抽样调查的部分数据如下表: 年份 2000 年 2009 年 人口总数(万人) 0~14 岁人口比例 500.3 590.6 19.76% 17.71% 65 岁以上人口比例 7.38% 11.39%

(1)上述图表中的数据反映出该市的人口基数和人口年龄结构发生了怎样的变化?(2 分) (2)该市人口基数的变化对该市的经济发展和居民生活水平的提高有何影响?(2 分) (3)该市 0~14 岁人口比例的变化是因为该市实施了哪一项基本国策?实施这一基本国策 有何重要意义?(4 分)

46、2008 年,我国成功举办了奥运会,得到世界人民的赞誉;2008 年,由美国次贷危机引 发的一场金融危机席卷全球,面对严峻形势,我国又积极参与维护国际金融稳定、促进世界 经济发展的国际合作,加大对受这场金融危机影响的发展中国家的支持。 以上材料是否说明我国已经进入发达国家行列?(1 分)为什么?(3 分) 五、论述题() 六、判断题()

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd ( 3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation t echnology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o great adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more m i croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Programmabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardware there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s gre at adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogramm able Logical Controll er (that is

10

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. Industrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omat ion a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get people's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now cont inues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimi zati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubi quitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he desig n i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of ex perie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm on the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obotic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

七、综合题() 47、微博就是随身博客。是一个信息分享、传播以及获取平台,用户可以通过网络、手机等 以 140 字左右的文字更新信息,并实现即时分享。九年级学生小王也开通了自己的微博。让 我们一起来走进小王的微博日志。 日志一:我们同学把对我国社会主义初级阶段的有关认识,编成了几句顺口溜:初级阶段不 发达,生产力水平比较低;初级阶段有发展,日新月异成就大;人口素质不算高,科技水平 需赶超。 ⑴你怎样看待小王的观点?为什么?(3 分) 日志二:今天听了《爱我中华》这首歌“五十六个民族五十六枝花,五十六个兄弟姐妹是一 家……。”我国是个多民族的大家庭,需要加强民族团结。但有同学说“维护民族团结是国 家的事,与我们中学生无关;维护民族团结,我们无能为力。”我对此表示不赞同,但又不 知如何说服他们,感到很困惑。 ⑵请你结合所学知识,帮小王说服他的那些同学,解除他的困惑。(3 分) 日志三:好感动呀,那么多人在我“达人秀”落选后鼓励我,但是三班的那个死胖子居然在 他的微博里嘲笑我。我也来好好骂骂他、羞辱羞辱他。¥%&*&……%&¥#@%……&&**(注: 此处省略 N 句骂人的话) ⑶小王的好朋友小张在看到这篇日志后,对小王提出了批评。你觉得小张应该如何批评、开 导小王?(2 分) 日志四:当前,网上个人信息泄露、网络电信诈骗、网络制贩枪、黑客攻击……中国网络犯 罪猖獗,但打击惩处却面临掣肘。 ⑷请你帮助小王为规范网络世界秩序提两条合理化建议。(2 分) 48、材料一:“十五”与“十一五”时期全面建设小康社会六大方面程度比较图

材料二:党的十八大报告提出:“确保 2020 年实现全面建成小康社会宏伟目标”,深深振 奋了国人。教育、住房、食品安全、就业等民生问题妥善解决;人民收入稳步增长;养老、 医疗等社会保障体系完善;贫富差距缩小;社会管理有序,法治水平较高;百姓身体健康、 心情愉悦, 幸福感强——这是在十八大召开期间“每日调查”中, 两万多名参与投票的网友 对“全面小康社会”的认识。 (1) 你能从材料一中获取哪些信息?(4 分) (2) 请结合材料和我国目前达到的小康,谈谈“确保 2020 年实现全面建成小康社会宏伟目 标”,我国还应进一步落实哪些战略、措施?(10 分)

试卷答案

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd (3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation technology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o gre at adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more mi croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Program mabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardwar e there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the v irtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomat ic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s great adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogrammable Logical Controll er (that is

11

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. In dustrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omation a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get peo ple's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now continues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of experie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm o n the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obot ic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

1.【解析】这些难题的存在,说明我们现在的生产能力还远远达不到群众的要求,这是由于 我国处于初级阶段,生产力水平低。BC 都错,所以选 A。 考点:社会主义初级阶段的主要矛盾。 2.【解析】经过 30 多年的改革开放,我国社会主义建设取得了举世瞩目的成就,一些高科 技领域取得世界领先地位,但由于我国人口多底子薄,生产力水平低而且发展不平衡,科学 技术总体水平与发达国家还有差距。所以选 C。 考点:我国基本国情。 3.【解析】我们现在达到的小康是总体小康,低水平的、不全面的、发展不平衡的,说明我 们仍处于初级阶段,③的说法中同步富裕是不对的,应是共同富裕,所以选 D。 考点:全面小康,总体小康的区别。 4.【解析】由于我国现阶段生产力水平低而且发展不平衡,难以满足人民群众日益增长的物 质文化需要,如上学难,看病难、住房难等,所以我国仍处于社会主义初级阶段。应选 B。 5.C 6.C 7.C 8.B 9. 【小题 1】C【小题 2】C 10.D 11.B 12.C 13.D 14.D 15.D 16.B 17.C 18.A 19.D 20.B 21.C 22.B 23.A 24.D 25.B 26.B 27.D 28.A 29.B 30.A 31.C 32.B 33.B 34.B 35.C

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd ( 3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation t echnology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o great adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more m i croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Programmabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardware there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s gre at adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogramm able Logical Controll er (that is

12

Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. Industrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omat ion a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get people's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now cont inues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimi zati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubi quitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he desig n i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of ex perie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm on the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obotic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

36.D 37.B 38.C 39.C 40.C 41.(1)基本国情:我国正处在社会主义初级阶段,生产力水平低且发展不平衡。(1 分) 我们取得一切成绩和进步的根本原因,归结起来就是:开辟了中国特色社会主义道路,形成 了中国特色社会主义理论体系。(2 分) (2)错误。(1 分)实行民族区域自治的地方,在国家统一领导下设立自治机关,行使自 治权,依照宪法和民族区域自治法的规定,根据本地区的实际情况,自主管理本地区、本民 族内部事务。(2 分) (3)①人生有价值的追求主要表现在学习、创造、奉献三个方面。人生的意义不在于索取, 而在于奉献。②应该从现在做起;从平凡开始,从点滴小事做起。(2 分) (4)2012 年度感动中国人物:罗阳、林俊德、李文波、张丽莉、陈家顺、陈斌强、何玥、 高秉涵、高淑珍被选为年度人物。(任选两人即可,2 分) 42.(1)①我国新增人口多;②人口总基数大。(4 分) (2) ①生态失衡(或环境恶化),②就业压力增大,影响人们生话水平的提高(或上学难、 就业难、住房难、交通拥挤等).③资源的人均占有量减少(或资源短缺)制约经济发展等。 (6 分) (3)计划生育。目的:控制人口数量,提高人口素质;要求:晚婚、晚育,少生、优生。 (6 分) 43.房价高、看病贵、物价高、教育不公平等;(2 分) 现阶段我国社会的主要矛盾依然是人民日益增长的物质文化需要同落后的社会生产之间的 矛盾; 44.(1)我国正处于并长期处于社会主义初级阶段的基本国情。(2 分)(2)人民日益增 长的物质文化需要同落后的社会生产之间的矛盾。 (2 分) ①沿着中国特色的社会主义道路, 集中力量进行社会主义现代化建设;②以经济建设为中心,大力发展生产力。 (任答 1 点即 得 2 分)(3)材料一“我国正处于社会主义初级阶段的基本国情”决定了材料二“主要矛 盾”的存在;(1 分)而材料二的“主要矛盾”体现了材料一“我国正处于社会主义初级阶 段的基本国情”。(1 分) 45.(1)人口基数增大;0~14 岁人口比例下降,65 岁以上人口比例上升。 (2)制约该市经济的发展和居民生活的提高。 (3)①计划生育。②实行计划生育有利于发展社会主义社会的生产力,有利于增强社会主 义国家的综合国力,有利于提高人民的生活水平。 46.没有。(1 分)当代中国是发展最快、变化最大的国家之一。中国在国际地位日益提高, 在国际舞台上发挥着越来越重要的作用。但从总体上看,现阶段我国社会生产力水平不高, 科技水平、 民族文化素质不够高, 社会主义具体制度不完善, 我国社会主义仍处于初级阶段。 (意思相近酌情给分,3 分) 47.⑴①我认为小王的观点是正确的。 ②我国的最基本国情是正处于并将长期处于社会主义初级阶段。 ③改革开放以来, 我国在各 方面都取得了巨大成就,但是我国经济社会的发展仍然面临着一系列的挑战。 (言之有理即 可,3 分) ⑵①那些同学的观点是错误的。 ②维护民族团结既是国家的事,也是每个公民应尽的义务,中学生要自觉维护。

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd (3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation technology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o gre at adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more mi croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Program mabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardwar e there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the v irtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomat ic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s great adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogrammable Logical Controll er (that is

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Manipulator i s now us ed as a i ndustrial robot s in use, the control obje ctives often appear ofte n in industrial automati on. In dustrial a utomati on technology has gradually mature d, as mat ure a technology line has bee n rapi d devel opme nt in industrial aut omation a s a se parate s ubje ct. Ma nipulator appli cation bega n to filter into w eldi ng, logisti cs, me cha nical proces sing, a nd other industries. E spe cially at hig h or very low temperatur es, full of pois onous gases , high ra diation ca se, robot i n similar cir cumsta nce s showe d great us e also bring s great conve nience to the staff. Preci sely be cause of this robot to get peo ple's atte ntion bega n to be a high degree of development. Labor rates, w orking conditions, la bor i ntensive as pect s of prom oting development. Bot h at home a nd a broa d to develop the PLC (pr ogrammable l ogic contr oller) is in vari ous spe cial cir cum stances and under spe cial conditi ons set for mechani cal device s. Now tur ned on the devel opme nt of the micr oele ctroni cs a utomatic control

technol ogy and t he rapi d devel opme nt of the trai ns, the succe ss of PLC hardwar e software a nd simulation contr ol win big and succe ssful development, now continues to devel op as a fact ory aut omation standards . Be cause robots ar e good dev elopment of the te chnol ogy makes a good optimizati on of pr oductive capital, a nd r obot shows t his unique adva ntages , such as : ha s good compatibility, wide ava ilability, hardw are is complete, a nd programming t hat can be mastere d in a s hort time, s o in t he context of industrial PLC applications be came ubiquitous. Ma nipulator i n many developed country agriculture a nd i ndustry has bee n applied, such as t he use of mechani cal harve sting large are as of farmland, r epeate d operations on the high -s pee d line that use s a robotic arm, a nd s o on. Today, the high lev el of automati on combi ne d with restri ctions on the ma nipulator development le vel is slightly lower tha n the i nternati onal. T he design i s mainly arm wel ding machine by PLC Aut omation control .

This of design let desig ners on in school by lear n of has a must of cons olidation, understa nd has s ome us ually di dn't opportunities a warene ss i n worl d range wit hin s ome lea ding level of knowl edge has has must aw arene ss, hope de signers can i n yihou of design i n the can s ucces s of us ing in t his design in t he pr oce eds of experie nce 1 .2 mani pulat or in both at home and abr oad of research pr ofile automati on me cha nical arm res earch bega n Yu 20th cent ury medium -term, after years with wit h computer a nd a utomation technology of development, Makes me cha nical arm o n the Grand stage of industrial aut omation a nd shine, gradually be came an i ndustrial eval uation sta ndar ds, and its importance ca n be seen. Now origi nal robotic arm s pe nt most of mass producti on a nd use on the production line, w hich is programmed r obot ic arm. As the first generati on of mani pulat or position control system s main features , although not back s everal gener ations that ca n detect the external e nvironme nt, but

can still succes sfully complete lik e weldi ng, pa inting, delivery a s well as for material s simple mov ements. Se cond ge nerati on mechanical arms are e qui pped wit h sensor s and ma nipulator s have the envir onment t here is a certain am ount of "sense", w hen t he mechani cal arm is to use the program as a basi s. Difference is that t he robot beg and

③维护民族团结,我们中学生应该尊重各民族的宗教信仰、风俗习惯,自觉同破坏民族团结 的言行作斗争等。(言之有理即可, 3 分) ⑶①在我国,公民的权利与义务是一致的; ②公民有言论自由的权利,但要在法律允许的范围内正确行使权利,要尊重他人权利,不得 损害国家的、社会的、集体利益,在网络上也不例外; ③网络是把双刃剑,要发挥网络的积极作用。(2 分) ⑷①网民在网络交往要遵守网络规则,遵守法律和道德。 ②国家有关部门应加快立法进程,加强网络信息保护,有效打击网络违法犯罪。加强宣传, 提高网民的道德意识、法律意识。(言之有理即可, 2 分) 48.(1)我国全面建设小康的步伐总体在加快,各方面的建设都在进步,但总体文化教育、 资源环境、民主法制还比较薄弱。(4 分) (2)我国现在达到的小康是总体上的小康,是低水平、不全面、发展不平衡的,特别是文 化教育、资源环境、民主法制还比较薄弱。(4 分)我国就坚持以经济建设为中心,大力发 展生产力,解决住房、医疗、等问题; 大力实施科教兴国、人才强国战略,重视科技、加大教育投入,提高民族的科学文化素质等 坚持科学发展观,走可知续发展之路,保护环境,合理利用资源;加强法制建设,构建和谐 社会。(三项即可得 6 分)

m anipul ator contr ol mode a nd programmabl e controller s introduction 2.1 Sel ect di scussi on wit h mani pulat or control 2 .1.1 class ification of control rel ays and di screte el ectronic circuit ca n control old i ndustrial e qui pment, but als o more common. Mainly these tw o relatively chea p and you can me et the old -fas hioned, simple (or sim ple) industrial e qui pment. So he can se e them now, however t hese tw o control m ode s (relay and dis crete ele ctroni c cir cuit s) are these fatal flaws: (1) ca nnot ada pt to the compl ex logic control, (2) only for the curr ent pr oje ct, the la ck of com patibility a nd ( 3) not reforming the system wit h equipme nt improveme nts. Spri ng for the devel opment of Chi na's modern i ndustrial aut omation t echnology the substantial i ncre ase i n the level of industrial aut omation, complete d the perfect relay of the com puter too much. I n terms of controll ing the computer s how ed his tw o great adva ntages : (1) each of the hardware ca n be i nstalle d on one or more m i croprocess ors; (2) the 。 转 好 定 稳 势 形 产 生 安 域 领 行 个 动 推 降 下 继 量 总 保 故 事 上 以 较 制 遏 , 管 监 节 环 等 作 殊 特 和 区 地 ”、 大 一 点 重 “两 化 强 续 持 ; 任 责 体 主 业 企 实 落 面 全

official desig ner of the software writi ng content control is all a bout. Now in several way s in the context of industrial a utomation ca n often be se en in t hree way s: (1) Programmable Logi cal Control ler (referred to as I PC); (2) Distributed Control System (DCS for s hort), and (3) the Programmabl e Logical Controll er (PLC for short). 2.1.2 PLC a nd t he IPC and DCS contrast contrast 1, each of the thre e technologie s of origins and devel opme nt requirement s for fast data pr oce ssi ng makes it inve nted the com puter. T he men brought in terms of hardware there , usi ng a hig h level of sta ndar dizati on, can use m ore compatibil ity tools , is a rich software re source s, es peci ally the need for immedi acy in oper ational systems. S o the computer ca n effectively contr ol is used to control a nd meet its s pee d, on the virtua l model , real-time a nd i n com putati onal re quireme nts. Di stributed sy stem started wi th a control sy stem for industrial a utomatic i nstrume nt us ed to control, w hereas now it is succe ssfully develope d

into industrial control computer used a s a ce ntral collecti on a nd distribution system and transition of distri bute d control sy stem in a nalog ue ha ndli ng, loop control, has beg un t o reflect the use of a huge a dvantage . Though distribute d system ha s gre at adva ntages i n loop regul ation, but only as a means of conti nuous proces s control. Optimiz ation of PLC is the corre sponding relay needs was bor n, its main use in t he work order control, early primary is repl ace d relay this hulki ng system, focused on the switch controlling the r unning order of functi ons . Marked by the micr opr oce ss or in the e arly 1970 of the 2 0th century emerge d, micr o-e lectr oni cs technology has developed ra pidly, people s oon microelectr oni cs pr ocessi ng technology will be us ed in t he Pr ogramm able Logical Controll er (that is

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